• The term‘ open cell foam’ is a very important term in the industry of insulation. But before we look into its importance in the industry, let us have a look at what it signifies. Open cell foam is an important division of solid foam. It is a very porous low density solid net-like foam having extremely open foams and a very few number of intact bubbles or cell windows. This is also known as reticulated foam whose solid component may be an organic polymer like polyurethane, a ceramic or a metal. Hence, open cell foam can be used in a high variety of applications which need the high porosity and large surface area.

    open cell foam

    open cell foam

    To speak about its uses, open cell foam is a great solution for insulation needs. It is used as spray foam insulation too. It is a very good way of air barrier with the use of minimum number of chemicals. Open cell foam insulation is great for interior walls as it helps in sound-proofing. However, this is not very much recommended for outdoor applications.

    Open cell foam insulation is much less common as they were the original manufactured product of a single company and their R-values are few. But gradually their strength was discovered and many companies started manufacturing them. Now, they are much in vogue in the insulation industry.

    BENEFITS OF OPEN CELL FOAM INSULATION

    1. Highly expandable-A very positive quality of open cell foam is its high level of expansion ability. Yes, because of this open cell foam insulation can fill a larger space with a little quantity. As they expand more, they become more and more hard thus enhancing the insulation effect of the area where they are installed.
    2. Proper insulation quality-Because this type of foam is very densely installed, it can provide good insulation. The great expandable quality helps to seal the area hermetically and provides proper insulation in the area. Because of this great insulation power, they are much in use in not only residential but also commercial areas. This can achieve great R-value too if not restricted by space.
    3. Awesome filler-As open cell foam insulation is a great expanding material, it serves as the best filler of even the tiniest nooks and crannies hard to reach. This can include wall and ceiling cavities that can be difficult to seal with closed cell foam. Thus, it is a great filler of the most difficult gaps and holes in the surface where it is installed.
    4. Highly affordable-Open cell foam insulation uses fewer or sometimes no chemicals and hence its cost is much reduced. Moreover, since it has certain limitations as opposed to closed cell foam, it can be used only for certain specific purposes like less airtight seals or preservation of moisture and so on. Hence, you can get it at a reduced cost that makes it highly affordable.
    5. Good humidifier-The term ‘humidifier’ signifies a device that increases humidity or moisture in a single room or your entire house. Open cell foam serves as a great humidifier if used in the proper degree and thickness. This can be used in enhancing comfort in special cases like patients in medical supervision. This can be a great help in various commercial, institutional or industrial contexts where a certain amount of moisture has to be preserved inside the target place.
    6. Sound reduction-Open cell foam insulation is often used in sound-proofing rooms as it is known to be a great sound preventing medium. That is why it is much in use in making studio walls insulation or hospital walls insulation that require to keep unwanted sound away.
    7. Air conditioning filter-A great benefit of open cell foam is that it can serve as an amazing air conditioning filter. This means that it is used as a device to remove solid particulates such as dust, pollen, mould and bacteria from the air. This helps to keep the air fresh and conditioned.
    8. Ecological-Since open cell foam insulation uses the minimum or no chemicals, it is considered to be great as an environment friendly method. It also uses lower raw materials and resources making no or minimum wastage of them as well as the insulation after it is installed.

    CERTAIN WARNINGS

    1. open cell foam

      open cell foam

      Not for extremes of temperature-R-value of open cell polyurethane spray foam is lower in the 3.6 to 3.8 per inch range. Hence, heat resistance level is a bit lower making it suitable only for partial heat insulation. Therefore, it is not very advisable to use this kind of insulation in extremes of temperatures.

    2. Not for preventing water entry-You must take care of the fact that open cell foam insulation is not water-resistant and it cannot provide proper support to the walls prone to water-exposure.
    3. Permeability-Open cell foam insulation is little permeable to vapour and air as well as lower noise frequency ranges.
    4. Beware of using outside-Because of its above mentioned properties, this is however more suitable for interior than exterior insulation.